Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE), is considered as one of the crucial pediatric and juvenile hip disorders. It is a rare condition which is identified with an exact diagnosis and proves to be critical if treated instantly. In spite of the fact that the fundamental imperfection may be multi-factorial, it symbolizes an exceptional type of unsteadiness of the proximal femoral development plate. In case of symptoms, the patient may complain about hip pain, knee pain, and medial pain, an acute onset of a limp and reduced series of movements of the hip. The kids who are obese, the hipbone and thighbone are a little less connected than they should be because of a condition known as slipped capital femoral epiphysis which pass on to a move at the higher portion of the thighbone, which results in a frail hip joint.
What are the risk factors?
The main reason is unknown but is reported that it may happen 2-3 times more often mainly in males when compared to females. Those who are overweight as per their height complain more about SCFE. Besides this, it may happen suddenly and related with a trauma or a minor fall. After finding the symptoms, if treated early may give a long term hip function and proper movements to it.
What are the symptoms of Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis?
The patient suffers a knee pain or hip pain from several weeks. It feels to bear the weight on the affected leg as it is usually turned outward when compared to normal leg and looks shorter in appearance.
How to treat the condition?
The only solution as a treatment is surgery to put off any extra slipping of the femoral head, till the close of the growth plate. In case, if the head is permissible to slip beyond, then the hip motion is limited. As said, treatment is advised immediately as premature osteoarthritis may develop.
Based on the condition of the child, the surgeon recommends any of the three surgical options like:
- Positioning a single screw into the femoral epiphysis and thigh bone.
- Lessening the dislocation and placing one or two screws into the femoral head and
- Removing the irregular growth plate and placing in the screws to prevent any dislocation in future.