Causes for Fractures and its types
Fracture is a term used for the broken bone due to some accident or injury. In fracture the bone can be fully or partially fractured and both require different treatment methods to heal it. Fracture treatment involves both first aid treatment and treatment from experienced professional experts. First aid treatment is provided just after the injury before reaching the hospital. Once you reach hospital various examinations and test can determine the type of fracture. A bone fracture can be crosswise , multiple pieces or in the lengthwise direction.
There are few causes of bone fracture in the human body:
- Trauma or Accident: In such type of fracture the patient met an accident or injury due to fall from a vehicle , motor or in a game anywhere.
- Osteoporosis: It is a type of disorder which weakens the bones and such bones get fractured easily.
- Overuse: Repetitive motion from a certain bone can lead to muscle damage and eventually strong force on bones which lead to fracture. It is called as stress fracture which is common with athletes.
Few symptoms increase the certainty of the fracture of a bone like unbearable pain , swelling in the body part , inability to move that particular body part or any level of bruising. Such symptoms are very prominently found in fractures. Bones in the human body are strong and rigid but if outside force is applied they tend to get fracture easily. The severity of a fracture depends on the force in external factor force which leads to cracking or breaking of the bone.
Common types of fractures are:
- Stable Fracture. The ends of the bone are broken and are barely out of the structure in place.
- Transverse Fracture. In such fractures the line of fracture is horizontal..
- Comminuted Fracture. In such fractures the bone of the patient is broken down into multiple pieces.
- Open, Compound Fracture. At the time of accident or injury to the skin may be pierced by a pointed object or due to strong blow. This leads to open wounds and fracture and chances of infection are higher in such type of fractures.
- Oblique Fracture. In such type of fracture the angle of fracture is oblique.